Eka Tchkoidze: Making the Black sea “Russian” sea: Batumi in the imperial context

  • Datum: –15.00
  • Plats: Engelska parken Sal Eng22-1009, vid Humanistiska teatern
  • Föreläsare: Eka Tchkoidze
  • Arrangör: Historiska institutionen
  • Kontaktperson: Erik Lindberg
  • Föreläsning

Since 1878, when Batumi was reunified to Georgia (a part of Russia empire at that time), it served as a strategically important port and a commercial center for the whole Russian Empire. Although, Russia’s interest arose much earlier, at the beginning of the 19th century, and especially in the 1850s after the Crimean war. In 1853 Batumi’s significance for the Russian empire was underlined by Carl Marx noting that it would help Russia to make the Black sea exclusively Russian sea. The “Batumi case” should be examined within the framework of the general interest of the Russian Empire in the Black Sea. The present paper will deal with the political situation of the 2nd half of the 19th century emphasizing Batumi’s and respectively, the Black sea’s strategic and later, commercial role which made it essential for three imperial forces: Russia, Turkey, and Great Britain. Batumi port’s importance for the development of the economy of the Russian Empire before the October Revolution will be emphasized as well. 

Eka Tchkoidze is an Associate Professor of History, School of Arts and Sciences, Ilia State University, Tbilisi, Georgia. She is a medievalist who also does 19th-c Black Sea history.